BoardMarine Accident Investigators Forum in Asia

SubjectLRIT “Gives No New Powers To Coastal States” Hit1518
WriterLee Min Jung Date2006.06.01

Monday, 29 May 2006 <br /> <br />IMO says new regulations on Long-Range Identification and Tracking of ships (LRIT), adopted recently by<br> its Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) do not extend the existing rights of coastal states over ships, sailing off<br> their shores. <br /> <br />The new regulation on LRIT is included in SOLAS chapter V on Safety of Navigation, through which LRIT will<br> be introduced as a mandatory requirement for the following ships on international voyages: passenger ships, <br>including high-speed craft; cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 300 gross tonnage and upwards; and <br>mobile offshore drilling units. <br /> <br />An IMO statement says: “The SOLAS regulation on LRIT establishes a multilateral agreement for sharing<br> LRIT information for security and search and rescue purposes, amongst SOLAS contracting governments,<br> in order to meet the maritime security needs and other concerns of such governments. It maintains the right<br> of flag states to protect information about the ships entitled to fly their flag, where appropriate, while allowing<br> coastal states access to information about ships navigating off their coasts.” <br /> <br />It adds: “The SOLAS regulation on LRIT does not create or affirm any new rights of States over ships beyond<br> those existing in international law, particularly, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), <br> nor does it alter or affect the rights, jurisdiction, duties and obligations of States in connection with UNCLOS.” <br /> <br />The LRIT information ships will be required to transmit include the ship's identity, location and date and time of<br> the position. There will be no interface between LRIT and the existing short range Automated Identification<br>System (AIS). <br /> <br />IMO notes: “One of the more important distinctions between LRIT and AIS, apart from the obvious one of range, <br>is that, whereas AIS is a broadcast system, data derived through LRIT will be available only to the recipients<br> who are entitled to receive such information and safeguards concerning the confidentiality of those data have<br> been built into the regulatory provisions. SOLAS Contracting Governments will be entitled to receive information<br> about ships navigating within a distance not exceeding 1000 nautical miles off their coast.” <br /> <br />The new regulation anticipates a phased-in implementation schedule for ships constructed before its expected<br>entry into force date of 1 January 2008 and an exemption for ships operating exclusively in sea area A1 from the<br> requirement to transmit LRIT information, since such ships are already fitted with AIS. It also identifies which<br> authorities may have access to LRIT information. </p.> <br /> <br />The MSC also adopted performance standards and functional requirements for LRIT and an MSC resolution on<br> arrangements for the timely establishment of the long range identification and tracking system.

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